Although insecurity prevails in some parts of South Sudan, there are clear pockets of stability where a resilience building and livelihoods approach is essential to strengthening local communities’ and farmers’ capacities. In these areas, WFP is implementing Food Assistance for Assets (FFA) to meet short term hunger gaps while helping households build resilience against future shocks and stresses.
In 2018, the FFA programme scaled up by almost 40 percent to serve nearly 600,000 people across all regions of the country. The growth of the programme reflects community interest in being supported to rebuild their own livelihoods and to grow their own food, as well as WFP’s interest in moving away from unconditional assistance, where feasible, and supporting community-led resilience building.
Using a multi-year approach, WFP’s FFA programme helps food insecure communities to rebuild their livelihoods and improve their resilience. Following a community based participatory planning (CBPP) process, which helps communities to identify their key challenges and development priorities, households build assets from across three pillars:
Restoration of productive capacity of arable land;
Construction of community infrastructure;
Environment, natural resource management and climate change adaptation.
Skills development is integrated throughout the programme, equipping participants with new agricultural, infrastructure development and maintenance, and environmental management skills. Training and provision of key messages on nutrition is also provided to help address some of the underlying causes of acute food and nutrition insecurity.
FFA presents an extraordinary opportunity to meaningfully address gender inequality in South Sudan. To do so, WFP uses a gender sensitive lens from the community planning process at the start of asset creation projects to provide women and men space to raise their concerns and to ensure these concerns are adequately addressed. The community based participatory planning (CBPP) approach allows for separate discussion between women’s groups, men’s groups, and then together as a community group. Formation of project management committees (PMC) with equal numbers of men and women in leadership roles is helping to ensure decision making access.
Increasingly, WFP is creating synergies across its resilience programmes, FFA, school feeding, urban safety nets, and smallholder agricultural market support (SAMS) to enhance the impact for communities. As an example, FFA activities are being linked to school gardens and households are receiving training in post-harvest management to reduce food losses.
Source: World Food Programme