Sudan: Population & Operational Update: South Sudanese Refugee Response (1 – 31 March 2019)

Over 100,000 refugees in White Nile State were employed in 2018 harvest, according to recent assessment.

Steady rate of new arrivals continued in 2019 so far.

New multi-purpose cash assistance programme initiated in for refugees in East Darfur.

2,582 New arrivals in March 2019

8,835 Total new arrivals in 2019

847,923 South Sudanese refugees in Sudan (*Additional sources estimate that there are 1.3 million South Sudanese refugees in Sudan; however, data requires verification.)


Population Update

OVER 2,500 REFUGEES ARRIVED IN SUDAN IN MARCH � New arrivals continue to cite ongoing security issues, assistance gaps and lack of livelihoods as their key drivers for seeking asylum in Sudan. Over 8,800 refugees have arrived in Sudan in 2019 by the end of the first quarter. This is down from over 14,000 new arrivals in the same period in 2018. East Darfur has received the most new arrivals in 2019 so far, with 5,418 individuals, followed by West Kordofan (1,825), South Darfur (806), South Kordofan (435) and White Nile (351).

Operational Update

WORLD FOOD PROGRAMME (WFP) INITIATES NEW MULTI-PURPOSE CASH ASSISTANCE PROGRAMME IN AL NIMIR CAMP AND EL FERDOUS SETTLEMENT IN EAST DARFUR � The new programme has benefitted 15,166 refugee families so far. The combined package of in-kind food and cash has reduced refugees’ need to sell their food rations to cover their other basic needs and dietary preferences, enhancing their self-reliance and dignity while improving nutrition, food security outcomes and access to other basic non-food items. Post-distribution monitoring is in place. In-kind food assistance is being maintained for refugees in Kario camp and out-of-camp settlements in Abu Jabra, Adila, Abu Karinka and Abu Matarig.

UNHCR AND THE GOVERNMENT OF SUDAN’S COMMISSION FOR REFUGEES (COR) LEADnd POST-HARVEST ASSESSMENT FOR SOUTH SUDANESE REFUGEES IN WHITE NILE STATE WITH OPERATIONAL PARTNERS � The assessment examined refugees’ experiences and the impact of their employment in the agricultural harvesting season, as well as identified the challenges and protection issues that refugees faced. Key protection issues that have emerged include low wages, breach of employment contracts, injuries and inadequate shelter. It is estimated that over 100,000 refugees from across all nine camps were employed in harvesting activities in 2018. This is a marked increase from nearly 30,000 employed in 2017.

EDUCATION INITIATIVES IN SOUTH KORDOFAN SUPPORT IMPROVED ACCESS TO QUALITY EDUCATION FOR REFUGEES � UNICEF’s construction of a new school for refugees at the Sirajiya settlement is ongoing, and will accommodate 200 refugee students once complete. Save the Children International and the State Ministry of Education led a Training-of-Trainers (TOT) workshop for 20 host community and refugee teachers from Abu Jubaiha locality and El Leri West on improved delivery of Accelerated Learning Programmes (ALPs). ALPs are alternative programmes that enable older students to catch up on their studies after prolonged out-of-school periods due to conflict, crisis or poverty.

CONCERN WORLDWIDE (CWW) TO DISTRIBUTE 6-MONTH SUPPLY OF ESSENTIAL MEDICINES TO HEALTH FACILITIES IN WEST KORDOFAN � CWW has acquired enough drugs to support 5,500 South Sudanese refugees and 30,000 host community members accessing health facilities at refugee settlements in Kharasana and El Meiram. Critical drugs shortages affected the health response throughout the latter half of 2018. UNHCR procurement is underway for a 12-month supply of essential medicines to cover the drugs needs of health clinics accessed by refugees and host communities in refugee camps in White Nile and East Darfur, and the El Leri West settlements.

REFUGEE STUDENTS SIT SCHOOL EXAMS IN WHITE NILE STATE �Over 1,400 South Sudanese refugee students sat their Grade 8 exams in early March, with 85 per cent (1,210 students) passing successfully. This is an excellent result, especially given that many children attend schools with three classroom shifts and very little access to external learning supports. Over 350 refugee students also sat the G3 secondary school exams in the beginning of March, with results pending. The State Ministry of Education (SMoE) covered the students’ examination fees, and provided them with meals, accommodation and transportation to Kosti to sit the exams, with support from UNHCR/

Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees