MUSCAT: A study conducted by Sultan Qaboos University (SQU) on 200 female students has revealed that opting for a low Glycemic Index (GI) diet can help lose weight and lower the risk of obesity-related diseases like Type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. GI is a ranking of carbohydrate-containing foods on a scale of 0 to 100.
The higher the number, the more quickly you’ll digest the food and trigger extreme fluctuations in blood sugar.
Low scores (55 and lower) mean the food is digested slowly and produces only gradual changes in blood sugar.
The SQU study conducted on students between the age group of 18 and 25 years over the period of six months used GI as a tool to gauge the relationship between specific carb-rich foods and their effect on physiology.
Students, who consumed a low GL diet lost weight, were found to have significantly lower BMI than earlier, the study said. It was also found that the weight reduction in these students was independent of their physical activity level.
The study further reveals that the dietary pattern in Oman has changed from nutritious foods such as fresh fruits and vegetables to fatty foods, refined carbohydrates and fast food and hence urges for preventive measures to combat obesity.
Conducted by Dr Mostafa Waly and Dr Amanat Ali from the Department of Food Science & Nutrition, and Professor Hashem Kilani from the Department of Physical Education at SQU, the study was published recently in the Asian Journal of Clinical Nutrition.
SOURCE: MUSCAT DAILY