South Sudan Situation Report, 3 Jul 2019

HIGHLIGHTS

Humanitarian Fund brings change in the lives of 2.9 million people

More than 3,300 internally displaced people return to Baliet County, Upper Nile

Almost 7 million people facing critical lack of food

South Sudan appeals for $12 million to prevent Ebola

Lack of water displaces thousands of people to Mogos, Kapoeta East, Eastern Equatoria

EMERGENCY RESPONSE

South Sudan: Humanitarian Fund brings change in the lives of 2.9 million people The South Sudan Humanitarian Fund (SSHF) made an enormous difference for 2.9 million people in 2018. About 1.3 million of them were women and girls.

A broad range of UN agencies and NGOs apply for and receive funding from the SSHF to implement projects addressing identified priority needs.

Last year the Fund supported 225 projects implemented by 87 national and international partners. This enabled humanitarian organizations to save lives through timely and multi-sector assistance, alleviating acute needs, reinforcing protection, promoting access to basic services, and supporting the capacities of at-risk communities to cope with significant threats to lives, livelihoods and well-being. Of $53.4 million allocated in 2018, 39 per cent � or $20.6 million � went to local NGOs.

In 2018, the SSHF funded 19 projects aimed to help survivors of gender-based violence recover physically and psychologically from the trauma and gain access to emergency and life-saving services.

In an internal displacement camp in Mundri, Western Equatoria region, the Mundri Active Youth Association (MAYA) set up a woman and girl-friendly space, which provides support for up to 4,000 individuals. As women and girls in the camp remained exposed to risks of harassment, abuse and assault, MAYA initiated a series of information sessions to educate men and boys to what constitutes gender-based violence, why women and men should equally participate in decision-making processes, and how to prevent gender-based violence.

Thanks to funding from the SSHF, MAYA helped 48-year-old Esther, one of the displaced women living in the Mundri camp, set up a coffee shop where every Friday she organizes informal get-togethers over coffee and talks about gender issues with community members. Esther knows her community members, and her work paid off. On average, 45 people attend each session and the conversations are getting more and more participatory and engaged, especially around the safety and the integrity of women and girls.

In the wake of the Ebola Virus Disease outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the heightened risk of its spread into South Sudan, the SSHF allocated $2 million to support the timely implementation of Ebola prevention and preparedness activities, in complementarity with bilateral funding sources and a boost from the UN’s Central Emergency Response Fund.

This year, the implementation of the 2018 Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict offers the prospect of new opportunities to promote recovery and development for the people of South Sudan. For the time being, however, the humanitarian situation remains serious and 7.2 million people need emergency assistance.

The SSHF will continue to support the implementation of frontline services to address the humanitarian consequences of years of conflict, violence and destroyed livelihoods.

This requires sustained support from donors. Last year, the SSHF received US$ 88.9 million from 13 donors, ranking the fourth highest among the 18 Country-Based Pooled Funds (CBPF) around the world. Annual contributions to the SSHF have increased over the last three years, from $58 million in 2016 to $78 million in 2017 and $89 million in 2018.

To date in 2019, donors have already contributed $24.3 million to the Fund in donations. More funding is needed to ensure the SSHF can continue allocating resources so people can receive the help they need, when and where they need it.

More than 3,300 internally displaced people return to Baliet County, Upper Nile

A total of 3,324 internally displaced people, mainly women and children, have returned from Melut to their places of origin in Baliet County in Upper Nile. The return exercise was conducted between 7 and 28 May 2019, spearheaded by the Upper Nile Solutions Working Group. The joint approach involving humanitarian organizations, UNMISS and the government helped minimize the cost of the return and was the first movement of displaced people of this scale out of a settlement site in Upper Nile.

The effort to relocate the families followed an appeal by IDPs in five settlements in Melut town to the government to be returned to their homes. The reasons cited by the displaced people included family reunion and relatively improved security situation in most parts of Upper Nile, including Baliet County. Due to the lack of resources to relocate the IDPs, the government requested UNHCR to facilitate the exercise. UNHCR conducted surveys and verification exercises to ascertain people’s intentions.

Humanitarian organizations provided trucks for the movement of the displaced people and a three month food ration, essential household items and emergency shelter, and sanitation and hygiene materials. In addition, access to health, education, safe water and livelihood opportunities, including fishing and agriculture, were scaled up to ensure the returnees could easily reintegrate with their host communities.

Other response activities prior to the movement included setting up transit sites and sensitizing the host community on peaceful co-existence. The road through which the convoy travelled and the return areas were assessed by a mine action team, which also provided mine education to the returnees on arrival.

The government ensured the safety and security of the displaced people during the return process. In Baliet, local authorities assisted in managing the reception sites and provided warehouse facilities free of charge for temporary storage of humanitarian supplies. The authorities issued a letter of assurance prior to the exercise and ensured that there were no checkpoints along the road.

The host communities and community leaders played an important role in receiving the returnees. They ensured that everyone, including persons with special needs, received due attention and were assisted in a proper manner.

Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs