New York, November 06 (QNA) – The state of Qatar has called for reviving the political process to address issues of international peace and security, Emphasizing meantime that peacekeeping operations are not a substitute for addressing the root causes of conflicts, stressing however the importance of coordination and consultation with the country concerned and host to the peacekeeping operation in means of implementing the mandate of the mission, including the confirmation of state power and extending its sovereignty over its territory.
This came in a speech Salah Mohammed Abdullah Sorour , the First Secretary at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Qatar delegate’s envoy , attending the 67th session of the UN General Assembly , delivered before the UNGA Fourth Committee concerned with the Special Political and Decolonization on the occasion of the special debate on ” peacekeeping operations on all aspects of these processes” here on Tuesday.
Abdullah Sorour said that the challenges facing the peacekeeping operations are not restricted only at lack of resources to meet the requirements on the ground but should also enhance readiness of the United Nations to meet the challenges facing the safety and security of the personnel working with the UN peacekeeping missions.
The Qatari diplomat further said that the State of Qatar has underlined the importance that the United Nations should ensure the safety of the peacekeeping operations personnel working with the 16 missions currently run by the UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations, numbering 11.488 and working mostly in difficult and risky conditions.
Elaborating the First Secretary at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Qatar delegate’s envoy said that the member countries hosting the peacekeeping operations have asked to investigate into crimes and prosecute the perpetrators in accordance with their national laws in line with the Status of Forces Agreement, the United Nations strikes with the host countries and with the provisions of the Convention on the Safety of United Nations and Associated Personnel of 1994.
The State of Qatar has expressed due keenness that the human, financial and logistics resources, available for each mission of the peacekeeping missions should be in compatible with the tasks incumbent upon them and with the goals envisaged accessible, he said and called for putting an end to the lack of necessary resources the peacekeeping forces are suffering from in many areas of conflict to enable them to carry out their duties.
Salah Mohammed Abdullah Sorour has affirmed ,”We must also consider the possibility that developed countries whose military forces are highly trained, professional and experienced, contribute troops to peacekeeping operations, instead of relying exclusively on military forces form developing or least developed countries.
Many observers and specialists in peacekeeping operations point out that relying exclusively on military forces coming from the developing countries, may reduce the chances of success of peacekeepers in carrying our effectively their duty, due to their lack of experience compared with the military forces coming from developed courtiers, the Qatari diplomat said.
”When peacekeeping missions are deployed, we must also take into account the necessity to familiarize the forces that are deployed with the culture and language of the country in which they work, so as to facilitate communication and interaction between them and the population of the country”, he added.
The State of Qatar believes that in order for of the United Nations peacekeeping missions to carry out their mandates to the fullest, the selection of experts and civilian personnel needs to be characterized by transparency and clarity.
”In this context, it must be emphasized that these experts need to know the recent history of these countries and be acquainted with the specificities of their culture and society. It is also very necessary to have among these experts some who fluently speak the official language of the countries in which they work”, said Abdullah Sorour .
”Taking into account that a significant proportion of peacekeeping operations are present in Arab countries, we would like to emphasize that the need that the United Nations ensure that the experts who are selected know the recent history of the countries where they work and speak Arabic, which is one of the official languages of the United Nations.
Salah Mohammed Abdullah Sorour referred that taking into account that more than 80% of peacekeeping troops some from developing countries, we must endeavor to involve troop-contributing countries in planning the process related to deployment of peacekeeping forces from planning and policy formulation to decision-making to deployment of troops.
” It is useful implement effectively Security Council resolution 1353 (2001) in order to strengthen coordination and communication between the Security Council and troop-contributing countries in all stages of peacekeeping operations, so as to enhance transparency and trust, and taking into account the concerns of countries hosting peacekeeping missions”, he said.
It is important that there be cooperation between this Committee and the Security Council, the Committee on Legal Issues and the Fifth Committee on Administrative and Budgetary matters in order to address the shortcomings in the clarity of the issue of criminal responsibility during the mission period-not only that of peacekeepers, but also that associated with crimes committed against them. We should not leave peacekeepers uninsured against them.
Concluding the Qatari diplomat said, ”We should not leave peacekeepers uninsured against those risks, for it is important that they enjoy the rights enshrined in the law. Therefore, these matters should be included in the memoranda a of understanding between the United Nations and the hosting States”.(END)